Outcaste is based on the famous autobiography of Dalit writer Sharan Kumar Limbale titled Akkarmashi in Marathi. The text deals with the anguish and irreverence of the cultural ferment that opened up the Marathi literature to Dalit writings. As a first-person account of the struggle against poverty, deprivation, discrimination and violence, Outcaste captures the dehumanizing impact of caste oppression in Hindu society. In tracing the author’s gradual awakening to selfhood and maturity, the play provides an inside view of life in a Mahar village. A reflection of the darker side of India, this novel is a bitter critique of the lack of compassion that the lower castes have endured for centuries. A true milestone that publicized the Dalit cause, the Marathi original went through four editions. An acknowledged masterpiece in the Mahar dialect, The Outcaste asserts the Dalit inner quest for identity using original language, idiom, metaphor and imagery.